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on 5/2/01 11:20 PM, wilkins at wilkins@wehi.EDU.AU wrote:
>>> Actually, #4 is VERY important, for it is significance, or meaning,
>>> that comprises a meme; that is what is propagated. Behaviors and
>>> discourse, the engines of imitation, MEAN something to those doing or
>>> saying them. A meme is the selfsame meme regardless of whether it is
>>> performed, spoken or written; it is not the code or carrier which
>>> matter (although one kind or another must obtain, which is of no
>>> consequence), but the content; that is, memetic identity is a matter
>>> of semantics and pragmatics, not syntactics.
> This is what I call the Intentional Fallacy (in reverse homage to
FWIW, this term has an established use among aestheticians and literary
critics. I believe it was coined by Monroe Beardsley, but am not sure. In
this context the Intentional Fallacy is the notion that an author's (or
artist's) stated intention about a literary work is to be taken at face
value as a statement of what the work means or is about.
The idea was adopted by the so-called New Critics (after WWII) and was
intended to counter biographical approaches to literary criticism. The New
Critics believed that the text itself contained all you needed to formulate
a valid interpretation.
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Journal of Memetics - Evolutionary Models of Information Transmission
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